IJOART Volume 9, Issue 3, March 2020 Edition

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Building Technology of Aluminium sheet roll Structures by the Ijaw people in the Niger Delta: Case Study of Gbaramatu Kingdom[]

This study sought to elucidate Aluminium Sheet Roll building technology as a viable alternative to help lower the cost of new housing in the Kingdom. The study used primary data collected by combining both quantitative (walk-through surveys) and qualitative (focus group discussions) data collection methods to produce rich in-sight into the research work. After the devastation of communities in Gbaramatu Kingdom in 2009 by the Nige-rian military, as a result of the Niger Delta agitations, the communities had to be completely rebuilt. However, most of the houses that were destroyed could not be restored as hitherto built with mud, because the soil in Gbaramatu Kingdom is mainly peaty clay (Chikoko Soil), which contains high organic matter so mud for building construction had to be transported to the communities by canoes from about 40 miles away. They were therefore; not sustainable and alternative low-cost housing using modern technology had to be employed.The result showed that the adoption of Aluminium Sheet Roll building technology is a viable alternative for the construction of new housing in the Kingdom, as it helped to lower the cost of the buildings in the coastal region. This is because the major challenge of transporting building materials in the region was ameliorated due to the comparatively lighter weight of Aluminium Sheet Rolls which made it easily transportable and handled. The use of aluminium sheet rolls in wall construction actually reduced the cost of the buildings by 50.5% when compared with that of the conventional sandcrete block walls construction. Considering the ease, speed of construction and the low-cost, this building technology is highly recommended for Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) Camps not only in the Niger Delta Region, but all over this country.

Awareness, Attitude and Preventive Practices of Students and Faculty About Occupational Hazards In a Public Teaching Hospital of Fasilabad, Pakistan[]

Aims: To assess the level of awareness, attitude and preventive practices related to occupational hazards in dental students and faculty of a public teaching hospital of Faisalabad, Pakistan. Material and method: The present study was conducted at a public teaching hospital of Faisalabad, Pakistan by using self-administered questionnaires. All the students and faculty members of the hospital were invited to participate in the study. The total study population consisted of 300 dental professionals. The self-administered questionnaire contains questions of personal information like age, gender, position (student or faculty), number of working hours per day apart from the questions on the level of awareness, preventive procedures undertaken and occupational hazards experienced. Results: Significantly greater number of students experienced musculoskeletal disorders than dental faculty. Nearly half the study population reported of sharp instrument injury while treating the patients. The most prevalent preventive measure reported by the respondents was changing gloves between the patients (100%) and use of face mask (80.6%). Most of the participants (72.4%) had undergone Hepatitis B or other vaccination procedures. Conclusion: Majority of the study population was aware of the biological hazards associated with the practice of dentistry. But not all preventive measures were observed by all the participants.

Antifungal activity of Pleurotus ostreatus (Jacq. Ex: Fr.) Kummer from Syria[]

In this study, the antifungal activity of crude Ethanolic and Methanolic extracts of Pleurotus ostreatus which grow on trunk apples in Syria (west Homs), against yeasts as Candida albicans (ATCC 10321), Geotrichum candidum, and pathogenic fungi, Aspergillus brasiliensis (ATCC 16404), Aspergillus flavus, Cladosporium cladosporioides, Fusarium oxysporum, Alternaria citri , using the agare well method for C.albicans and dilution in agar for others fungi.All tested microorganisms affected differently, except C.albicans, and showed the extracts, the maximum inhibition against F.oxysprum (13-14mm) and percentage (15,2%), (16,9%), and C.cladosporioides were the least tested fungi sensitive to both Ethanolic and Methanolic extracts.

Comparative Analysis Of The Cost Effects Of Either Implementing Or Neglecting Basic Safety During Road Pavement Site Testing[]

Providing and implementing basic safety measures during road pavement site testing/evaluation is an integral part of construction works needed to curb mishaps onsite. Conversely, neglecting basic safety during road pavement site testing may cause negative-impact and damages to humans, animals and/or properties which could require that those that were affected are compensated. Since there are not any studies that compared the value implications/effects of either implementing safety or compensating persons involved in mishaps arising from neglect of safety by site workers during road pavement site testing, this study was selected to understand and compare the value effects of either implementing or neglecting basic safety during road pavement site testing. during this study, interviews were done to extract views on what was acceptable by individuals as compensation when there have been harms and damages inflicted on living beings, animals and/or properties resulting from the negligence of safety by site workers who didn't implement safety during road pavement site testing. Also, the survey was administered to get the value implications of applying basic safety actions by supplying Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), traffic safety-equipment, fire-extinguisher, and site safety-equipment during road pavement site testing. For part A of the survey, 125 views were analyzed, during which 56% selected above USD 5,000 as the basic amount to be accepted as compensation for site mishap due to the neglect of safety, whereas, from part B, a market survey from 30 shops shows that between USD 1001 – 2000 is required to supply basic safety during pavement site testing. The results concluded from this research work show that it's cheaper for site workers to provide and implement basic safety than to neglect basic safety during roadworks and also, that there are short-term and long-term items needed to implement safety during pavement site testing.

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