IJOART Volume 4, Issue 1, January 2015 Edition


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Genetic Polymorphism and Diversity of Iraqi native cattle (Misan province) Using PCR-RAPD[]


This study was conducted in the genetic engineering laboratory/ biology department/ college of science/Misan University. Three primers (OPA-16, OPB-08, OPF-05 ) were applied in this study, all of which showed polymorphism, the highest polymorphism was with the primer OPA-16 which reached to 85% while the primer OPF-05 showed the lowest polymorphism that reached to 80%. Also the results showed that the total number of polymorphic bands was 339 with the three primers, the percentage of polymorphism was 82% The molecular weight of the bands ranged between 50-1350 bp. The results of this study explained the adaptation of local Iraqi cows with the hard climatic condition in the region as well as increase resistance to diseases .


Comparative Study of the Cement and Rock Flour Stabilization on the Engineering Properties of Lateritic Soil in Supare – Akoko, Southwestern Nigeria[]


The comparative study of cement and rock flour stabilization on the engineering properties of lateritic soil in Supare-Akoko, southwestern Nigeria was carried out in order to determine the effects additives as stabilizer on lateritic soil in road construction. The study area is underlain by the Precambrian Basement Complex rocks of Southwestern Nigeria. The major rock types are: granites, granite gnesis, charnokites and migmatite gnesis and granite occurring as the dominant rocks.


Roadside plants as bio indicators of air pollution in an industrial region, Rourkela, India.[]


Foliar surface undergoes several structural and functional changes when particulate-laden air strikes it. An attempt was made to evaluate the quality of air in terms of respirable suspended particulate matter (RSPM), suspended particulate matter (SPM), sulphur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) along with biochemical parameters of twelve selected roadside plant species at industrial, traffic, residential and rural areas of Rourkela city in India. Increase concentration of heavy metals (Fe, Cu and Zn) was recorded at site B (industrial area). Considerable reduction in chlorophyll, sugar and protein contents were observed at sites receiving higher pollution load. The variation in heavy metal concentration and enzyme activity (Catalase, Peroxidase) were found to be pollution load dependent, suggesting the activation of protective mechanism in these plants under air pollution stress. A significant negative correlation was found between ambient air quality and biochemical parameters except for ascorbic acid which exhibited significant positive correlation with pollution load.


LAYOUT DESIGN OF PHOTONIC CRYSTAL BASED LIQUID REFRACTIVE INDEX SENSOR[]


A simple fluid detection scheme based on light propagation through 2D photonic crystal having line defect to create a linear waveguide is proposed for various fluids. Line defect offers a significant increase in defect surface area without the trade-off of the photonic crystal. Because of the sharp spectrum signal and relatively larger testing region for liquids the sensor response is faster and was highly sensitive which offered the sensitivity of 0.000288 RIU. The Q-factor calculated as 134897. The defect is simulated using finite difference time domain (FDTD) method using MEEP and MPB tools. Case studies for Kerosene, Heptanes, Cotton seed oil, Methanol, Cresol, Acetic acid are done. Thus the two dimensional photonic crystal based liquid sensor has been designed to provide the easy to operate and real time mode measurement in chemical industries where these liquids are either the part of the manufacturing process or the part of the final product.


Impact of urbanization on groundwater in central basin of Hyderabad, Telangana State - India[]


Urbanization likely to impact ground water quality and quantity leading to higher uncertainty and difficulties in man-agement of pollution. Results yielding a good indication but the scenario demands continuous surveillance of waste water disposal from unauthorized discharges from small scale industries in Balanagar, Jeedimetla and Sanathnagar industrial development areas into the Kukatpally nala. It impacts very much on the Hussainsagar lake water. The groundwater flow model has computed groundwater balance for the entire catchment area of Hussainsagar. Significantly the lake water – groundwater interaction in the Hussainsagar was computed from the groundwater flow model. The upstream and down stream channel from Hussainsagar up to Musi river course have also been simulated with river boundary condition in the flow model.


Application of Information and Communication Technology in Management of Information in Local Government Areas of Nigeria[]


Information and Communications Technology strategy is pivotal to competitive survival for today’s businesses. It has become a pervasive part of our working and living environments, and will continue to be an integral resource for education, business, government and society at large, ICT combines information, knowledge, processes, and technology to provide a foundation for driving efficiencies and fuelling innovation. This paper formulated research on application of information and communication technology in management of information in local government areas of Nigeria, highlighted general background of ICT in management of information, the state of ICT in local government in Nigeria, benefit of ICT, prospects application of ICT and some the challenges in Nigeria.


LIBRARY ENTREPRENEURSHIP A PANACEA TO LIBRARY UNDER FUNDING IN NIGERIA: A STUDY OF MUHAMMADU LIBRARY FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC BAUCHI[]


Funds for Nigerian academic libraries and information services are traditionally derived from their parent institution. These funds vary from a fixed percentage of an institutions overall budget to an ad-hoc arrangement. In whatever case, most academic libraries receive far less funding than the percentage that is usually earmarked for them. This trend has hampered the provision of modern library services in Nigeria, thereby frustrating growth and development. Though libraries as public enterprise, exist not to make money but to fulfill one of the purposes recognize by the federal laws. Libraries have become increasingly aware of the need to commercialize their services effectively in a period when funding has been reduced, demand has increased and new services are being introduced. Against this background, using the descriptive survey designed and judgmental sampling technique, this study sought to discuss steady exploitation of money yielding ventures available in libraries, that when judiciously utilized can support the fixed mega percentage earmarked to them by their parent institution. It also monitor and evaluate impact assessment and to develop a sustainability plan. The Head of Library and units and some selected library staff formed the population of the study. One hundred and twenty (120) copies of a designed questionnaire were distributed to the sampled population, out of which all were returned for a response rate of 100%. As such the sampled size is one hundred and twenty (20). Analysis of data was done using frequency counts and percentages. The study found out that, library users prefer their cards ceased than to pay the overdue fine.



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